Ana içeriğe atla

Ear Drum Repair (Tympanoplasty / Myringoplasty) in Istanbul



Perforated eardrum can occur as a result of pressure changes (barotrauma), mechanical trauma, infection or noise trauma. The animation of myringoplasty (or type 1 tympanoplasty) operation is showed on the video above. You can find details about traumatic eardrum rupture treatment, myringoplasty and tympanoplasty operations on the below.

Possible health problems related with the eardrum hole


Hole in the eardrum can occur as a result of infection or trauma. Depending on the eardrum hole recurrent middle ear infections and hearing loss may occur over time.

Hearing loss and eardrum perforation



Hearing loss and eardrum perforation
Hearing loss and eardrum perforation
A surface area of the eardrum vibrates with sound waves. The larger hole in the ear membrane cause to less vibrate with less transmission of sound energy. According to the location and size of the perforation conductive hearing loss emerges. In addition, recurrent infections of the middle ear can cause negative effects on middle ear bones and on the auditory nerve. Above 4 days traumatic eardrum perforation the result of previous trauma4 days ago. Bleeding areas can be seen on perforation edges.

Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media


Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media
Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media
Hole in the eardrum with purulent ear discharge longer than 6-12 weeks is called as "Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media". This disease can be seen with or without cholesteatoma (Cholesteatoma definition: Cholesteatoma is a destructive and expanding growth consisting of keratinizing squamous epithelium in the middle ear with / without mastoid bone. The migration of squamous epithelium of external ear through a tympanic membrane perforation into the middle ear forms a cholesteatoma (references: Cholesteatoma /  Extensive tympanic membrane cholesteatoma with marginal perforation: an unusual case). In the photo above the large central eardrum perforation, purulent discharge and circular tympanosclerosis are seen. Patients with a hole in the eardrum, they need to be very careful when entering the pool and swimming. With the small amount of water contact may cause serious middle ear infections in patient with perforated ear drum.


tympanic membrane perforation - retraction pocket - chronic suppurative otitis media
tympanic membrane perforation - retraction pocket - chronic suppurative otitis media

It is seen in the photo above and the tympanic membrane perforation with retraction pockets. The appearance of the tympanic membrane is not natural and it is seen that middle ear filled with granulation tissue. Temporal bone tomography revealed that mastoid bone cholesteatoma. Tympanoplasty + mastoidectomy operation planned for this patient .

Marginal ear drum perforation with or without cholesteatoma



Marginal eardrum perforation with retraction pocket
Marginal eardrum perforation with retraction pocket
Marginal eardrum perforation and retraction pocket are seen on the photo above. Sometimes these types of perforations can accompany Cholesteatoma. A central perforation is a relative contraindication for scubadiving and a marginal ear drum perforation is an absolute contraindication for scubadiving (reference: [Middle and inner ear barotrauma caused by scubadiving (author's transl)]).


Tympanic membrane perforation with damaged ossicles



Tympanic membrane perforation - damaged ossicles
Tympanic membrane perforation - damaged ossicles
Sometimes recurrent middle ear infections can cause to damage on ossicles (small hearing bones). If ossicles are damaged in addition to the eardrum then the hearing loss would be much greater than, a small perforation (reference: Perforated Eardrum. Symptoms of perforated eardrum). Holes in the eardrum and partial loss of ossicles highlights are seen on the photo above. Sclerosis of ossicles also exist with tympanosclerosis. Patient defined severe hearing loss although small perforation size.

Asymptomatic eardrum  perforations


Asymptomatic eardrum  perforations - small eardrum hole
Asymptomatic eardrum  perforations - small eardrum hole

Sometimes a small hole in the eardrum may not be noticed as a result very few symptoms. Only after contact with water ear discharge and hearing loss. Hearing loss is a very small amount. Tympanic membrane perforation and is seen small circular tympanosclerosis in the photo above. Even a small hole; it is a problem for diving and for swimming.

Traumatic Eardrum Perforation


Eardrum can be perforated , after the burst trauma or sound pressure trauma. In these patients, it is important to avoid contact with water from the ear. For treatment of traumatic eardrum perforation, paper, adipose tissue, cartilages, cartilage membranes or fascia grafts may be placed on membrane  over the hole.


Traumatic Eardrum Perforation - Traumatic Eardrum Rupture - Traumatic Tympanic Membrane Perforation
Traumatic Eardrum Perforation - Traumatic Eardrum Rupture - Traumatic Tympanic Membrane Perforation

The photo above shows the eardrum and the outer ear bleeding due to traumatic tympanic membrane perforation.


paper patch on the eardrum
Paper patch on the eardrum

In the above photo it is made to the eardrum patch with cigarette paper. Usually the eardrum heals within a few weeks and paper patch automatically fall away.

Myringoplasty Operation


Myringoplasty Operation - Myringoplasty Technique - Ear Drum Repair - - A Hole In The Eardrum - Repair of Tympanic Membran Perforation - Transcanal (Transmeatal, Endomeatal) Ear Drum Surgery - Myringoplasty AnimationMyringoplasty Operation - Myringoplasty Technique - Ear Drum Repair -  - A Hole In The Eardrum - Repair of Membrane Perforation - Transcanal (Transmeatal, Endomeatal) Ear Drum Surgery - Myringoplasty Animation
Myringoplasty Operation - Myringoplasty Technique - Ear Drum Repair -  - A Hole In The Eardrum - Repair of Membrane Perforation - Transcanal (Transmeatal, Endomeatal) Ear Drum Surgery - Myringoplasty Animation
Above myringoplasty surgery animation is shown in a simple way. The aim myringoplasty surgery is repairing the damaged area of the eardrum. In this operation, cartilage membrane (perichondrium), muscle membrane, cartilage can be used as graft.


Eardrum repair - Eardrum hole repair
Eardrum repair - Eardrum hole repair

Myringoplasty operation stages:


Myringoplasty Operation - Myringoplasty Technique - Ear Drum Repair -  - A Hole In The Eardrum - Repair of Tympanic Membran Perforation - Transcanal (Transmeatal, Endomeatal) Ear Drum Surgery - Myringoplasty Animation
Before and After the Myringoplasty Operation - Myringoplasty Technique - Ear Drum Repair -  - A Hole In The Eardrum - Repair of Tympanic Membran Perforation - Transcanal (Transmeatal, Endomeatal) Ear Drum Surgery - Myringoplasty Animation




After the local anesthetic injection on outer ear canal near the ear drum, dead cells in the hole in the eardrum edges removed. Sponge placed in the middle ear. on the eardrum (overlay technique) or below (underlay technique) prepared graft is placed. Antibiotic-impregnated spongels are settled on graft and the operation is completed.

 

 



Considerations about myringoplasty operation:


  • myringoplasty surgery can be performed under local anesthesia and general anesthesia
  • myringoplasty operation is performed for only repair of the eardrum (fix a hole or tear in the eardrum). In patients with chronic middle ear or mastoid bone infection, timpanoplasty with / without mastoidectomy operation is more suitable
  • myringoplasty operation can be done directly via the ear canal without any incision in some patients (endomeatal myringoplasty or transmeatal myringoplasty)
  • myringoplasty operation can be terminated without the buffer in patients with small holes in the ear membrane

How long does myringoplasty surgery take?


Mean operative time was 30 - 45 min

Myringoplasty operation cost


Average myringoplasty operation fee (day hospitalization, analyzes, including materials used and doctors' fees) vary according to the hospital; about 1500 - 2500 dollars

How long time you need to stay after the myringoplasty operation?


You should stay in Istanbul about 7 days after the surgery

Postoperative Instructions For Myringoplasty


Myringoplasty operation is a simple surgical intervention. You'll not feel a lot of pain and discomfort, do not worry!
 
  • You can change external ear bandage whenever necessary
  • Do not let the ears get wet
  • Please do not touch to buffer or similar materials within ear canal
  • After 1 week, please come to control point (private ent office of Dr. Murat Enoz). Usually at the seventh day, sutures are removed and the external ear canal is cleared by us.
  • Do not allow to contact the incision area Shampoo, soap, water or any other liquid
  • Please avoid smoking
  • If you need to using painkillers please don't drink to alcohol
  • Sneezing, coughing, pushing air from clogged nose (Valsalva Maneuver) is inconvenient. Mouth should be fully open while sneezing.
  • Heavy sports activities is objectionable for 2 weeks
  • Please contact with me in case of , increasing of ear pain, swelling, purulent discharge, fever.
  • Your can visit about 1 week after the myringoplasty operation to our office

Tympanoplasty Operation



Tympanic membrane perforation (TMP)
Tympanic membrane perforation (TMP)
 
 "Tympanoplasty" is defined as "Surgical repair or reconstruction of the middle ear" (reference: Tympanoplasty | definition of tympanoplasty by Medical dictionary). The aim tympanoplasty is repairing the damaged area of the eardrum with / without middle ear ossicles. In this operation also, perichondrium, muscle membrane, cartilage can be used as graft preparing. Tympanoplasty operation is more appropriate for large perforations with / without ossicular damage as seen in the photo above.


Classification of tympanoplasty operation


Tympanoplasty is classified into five different types:
  • Type 1 Tympanoplasty: Repairing of the tympanic membrane alone, when the middle ear is normal. A type 1 tympanoplasty is synonymous to myringoplasty
  • Type 2 Tympanoplasty: Repairing of the tympanic membrane and middle ear in spite of slight defects in the middle ear ossicles
  • Type 3 Tympanoplasty: Removal of ossicles and epitympanum when there are large defects of the malleus and incus. The tympanic membrane is repaired and directly connected to the head of the stapes
  • Type 4 Tympanoplasty: Repair when the stapes foot plate is movable, but the crura are missing. The resulting middle ear will only consist of the Eustachian tube and hypotympanum.
  • Type 5 Tympanoplasty: Repair involving a fixed stapes footplate
(Reference: Tympanoplasty)

Tympanoplasty operation stages:


Tympanoplasty Animation
Tympanoplasty Animation


Above animation of tympanoplasty operation is shown in a simple way.

After the local anesthetic injection on outer ear canal near the ear drum, endaural incision or retroauricular incision is performed. Ear canal retractors (Wullstein-Weitlaner retractor) is placed. Dead cells in the hole in the eardrum edges removed. Rosen incision is performed and tympanomeatal flap is elevated. Sponge placed in the middle ear. Fascia, cartilages or  cartilage membrane (perichondrium) is placed on manubrium mallei. tympanomeatal flap turned down to previous natural position. Antibiotic-impregnated sponges are settled on graft, ear buffer in inserted in external ear canal and the operation is completed.

Considerations about myringoplasty operation:


  • tympanoplasty operation can be performed general anesthesia
  • In patients with chronic middle ear or mastoid bone infection, tympanoplasty can be performed together with mastoidectomy operation
  • tympanoplasty operation is bigger operation than myringoplasty.

How long does myringoplasty surgery take?


Mean operative time was 60 - 120 min

Myringoplasty operation cost


Average myringoplasty operation fee (day hospitalization, analyzes, including materials used and doctors' fees) vary according to the hospital; about 2000 - 3000 dollars

How long time you need to stay after the myringoplasty operation?


You should stay in Istanbul about 7 days after the surgery

Postoperative Instructions For Tympanoplasty


Myringoplasty operation is a simple surgical intervention. You'll not feel a lot of pain and discomfort, do not worry!
 
  • You can change external ear bandage whenever necessary
  • Do not let the ears get wet
  • Please do not touch to buffer or similar materials within ear canal
  • After 1 week, please come to control point (private ent office of Dr. Murat Enoz). Usually at the seventh day, sutures are removed and the external ear canal is cleared by us.
  • Do not allow to contact the incision area Shampoo, soap, water or any other liquid
  • Please avoid smoking
  • If you need to using painkillers please don't drink to alcohol
  • Sneezing, coughing, pushing air from clogged nose (Valsalva Maneuver) is inconvenient. Mouth should be fully open while sneezing.
  • Heavy sports activities is objectionable for 2 weeks
  • Please contact with me in case of , increasing of ear pain, swelling, purulent discharge, fever.
  • Your can visit about 1 week after the tympanoplasty operation to our office

How Can You Contact With Dr. Murat Enöz For Septoplasty Operation in Istanbul?

 



If you want to contact with Dr.Murat Enoz about ear drum surgery my WhatsApp number is 00905336550199 and my email: muratenoz@gmail.com. We can meet with WhatsApp calling when we have the right time.


 




Dr. Murat Enöz, Kulak Burun Bogaz Hastalıkları & Baş ve Boyun Cerrahisi Uzmanı

Muayenehane:
Adres: İncirli Cad., No:41, Kat:4, Dilek Pastanesi Üstü, Posta kodu: 34147, Bakırköy - İstanbul
Randevu Tel: (0212) 561 00 52
Cep tel: (+90) 0533 6550199
Fax: (0212) 542 74 47
  
http://www.kulakburunbogaz.info/Op.Dr.Murat-Enoz-Kulak-Burun-Bogaz-Uzmani.vcf linkinin üzerine tıklayarak vCard (VCF Dosyası)' nı açın ve otomatik olarak Dr.Murat Enöz telefon, fax, Email WhatsApp numarası ve adres bilgileri telefonunuza kaydolsun!
 
Murat Enoz, MD, Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgeon - ENT Doctor in Istanbul

Private Office:
Address: İncirli Cad. No:41, Kat:4 (Dilek Patisserie Building), Postal code: 34147, Bakırköy - İstanbul
Appointment Phone: (+90) 212 561 00 52 
Cell phone: (+90) 533 655 01 99
Fax: (+90) 212 542 74 47

Automatically Dr.Murat Enöz's telephone, fax number, Email, WhatsApp number and office address will be saved on your mobile phone after the clicking on the link of http://www.kulakburunbogaz.info/Op.Dr.Murat-Enoz-Kulak-Burun-Bogaz-Uzmani.vcf with openning the vCard (VCF File)!

 


Yorumlar

Bu blogdaki popüler yayınlar

Geniz Eti Büyümesi, Nedenleri, Belirtileri, Tedavisi ve Geniz Eti Ameliyatı Videosu

 Geniz eti ameliyatı genel bakış
Geniz eti, burun deliklerinin en arkasındaki bölgede bulunan lenfoid dokudur. Hastalar tarafından ve kulak burun boğaz uzmanı olmayan hekimler tarafından muayene ile görülmesi mümkün değildir. Endoskopik burun içi muayenesi esnasında görülebilir. Yan grafi, manyetik rezonans görüntüleme, tomografi gibi görüntüleme araçları ile de dolaylı olarak değerlendirilebilir. Çocuklarda yapılan bademcik ameliyatlarının tamamında ilave olarak geniz eti ameliyatı da yapılmaktadır. Bunun yanında, geniz eti ameliyatı (adenoidektomi) tek başına ya da kulak tüpü takılması ameliyatları ile birlikte de yapılabilmektedir.

Geniz eti ameliyatı tarihçesi
1800' lu yılların sonunda, geniz etinin burunla ilgili şikayetler ve işitme kaybından sorumlu olabileceği, Kopenhag, Danimarka' dan Willhelm Meyer tarafından belirtilmiş ve yine sonrasında geniz eti ameliyatlarına başlanmıştır. En sık yapılan ameliyatlardan olan bademcik ameliyatı (tonsillektomi operasyonu) ise e…

İnsan Papilloma Visürü (HPV), Korunma Yolları, Ağızda Viral Papillom ve Tedavisi

İnsan papillomavirüsü (HPV - human papillomavirus​) ve genel özellikleri
İnsan papillomavirüsü (HPV - human papillomavirus​), en çok rahim ağzı kanseri açısından risk oluşturduğu bilinen virüstür. Son yıllarda yeni türleri saptana bu virüsün ağız içi kanserler arasında bağlantısı gösterilmiştir. Ağız içerisinde görülen ve HPV ilişkili lezyonların çoğu iyi huyludur ve zaman zaman tekrarlama eğilimindedir. Papilloma virüsleri, memelerde yaygın olarak bulunabilir ve kuşlarda nadiren görülürler. 300' den fazla türü izole edilen ve insanlarda enfeksiyona neden olan papilloma virüsleri, toplu olarak insan papilloma virüs ya da HPV (human papillomavirus​) olarak adlandırılır. HPV virüsleri, kanserojen özelliklerine göre yüksek riskli (HR) ve düşük riskli (LR) tip olmak üzere ikiye ayrılır.

HPV virüsleri daha çok deriden deriye temas yolu ile bulaşır. İnsanlarda en sık düşük riskli HPV virüsü enfeksiyonları görülür ve çoğunlukla asemptomatiktir. Papillomavirüs genomu, konakçı hücrenin, h…

Burun Törpüleme Ameliyatı ve Örnek Fotoğraflar

Burun kemeri törpüleme ne demek?
Burun kemerinin cerrah bir işlem olarak aşındırılarak hacminin küçültülmesi ya da burun sırtındaki pürüzlü, çıkıntılı alanların düz bir yüzey elde edilmesi amacıyla uzaklaştırılması işlemidir. "Burun kemeri törpüleme", "burun törpületmesi", "burun törpüleme işlemi" aslında aynı işlem için kullanılan kelime gruplarıdır.

Burun kemeri törpüleme işlemi lokal anestezi altında yapılabilir mi?


Burun törpüleme işlemi lokal anestezi altında yapılabilir ancak hasta açısından çok konforlu olmadığı gibi, hekim açısından da törpüleme işleminin yapılmasını zorlaştırabilir. Burun kemiği törpülenirken çıkan az da olsa sesi hasta duyabilir ve bunun yanında burun kemiğinin devamında bulunan kıkırdak dokuları törpü atılan kemik mesafesine getirebilmek için az miktarda kıkırdak doku eksizyonu gerekebilmektedir. Lokal anestezi altında tüm bu işlemleri yapabilmek kolay değildir.


Burun kemeri törpüleme işleminin riskleri nelerdir?
Burun kemeri …